The Tohono O’odham have lived in southern Arizona’s Sonoran Desert for millennia. Formerly known as the Papago, the people, acting as a nation in 1986, voted to change the colonial applied name, Papago, to their true name, Tohono O’odham, a name literally meaning “desert people.” Living within a region the Spanish termed Pimeria Alta, the Tohono O’odham, from the time of Spanish Jesuit Kino’s first missionary efforts in the late 1680s, have been witness to numerous governmental, philosophical, and religious intrusions. Yet throughout, they have adapted and survived. Today the Tohono O’odham Nation occupies the second largest land reserve in the United States, covering more than 2.8 million acres. The images in this volume date largely between 1870 and 1950, a period that documents great change in Tohono O’odham traditions, culture, and identity.
Author Bio: Author Allan J. McIntyre is a historian and an art dealer specializing in the American Southwest prior to 1950. As an archaeologist and a museum collections manager for over 25 years, McIntyre became interested in Tohono O’odham history in attempting to understand connections with their prehistoric ancestors, the Hohokam. The photographs and illustrations used in this volume derive almost exclusively from the extensive archives of the Arizona Historical Society, Southern Division, in Tucson, Arizona.
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