Stunned and grieving survivors stared into their burned-out town on the western frontier in the midst of the Civil War. William C. Quantrill's Missouri guerillas raided Lawrence, Kansas, on August 21, 1863, and killed 180 men and boys. Women lost husbands, children lost fathers, and fathers lost sons. Every one of the 2,500 residents lost either a loved one, a neighbor, or acquaintance. A few left town but most survivors were determined to remain and remember; not to "wink out." Newcomers brought industry and innovation. The University of Kansas, 1866, and Haskell Institute, 1884 (now Haskell Indian Nations University), grew into major institutions.
Author Bio: Commemoration of Quantrill's raid peaked on the 50th anniversary of the attack in August 1913, when 200 survivors gathered in Lawrence. In 1925, fewer survivors met to remember. Almost 150 years later, the "raid" echoes still. Through images and stories from archival collections, the author, a longtime Lawrence historian, explores how survivors of this horrific event rebuilt their lives, their town, and memorialized their experiences.
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