Crumbling Castles: The Lost Asylums at Worcester and Danvers

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Overview
The state of Massachusetts was home to many historic institutions; however, few compared to the size and elegance of the asylums built in Worcester and Danvers during the late-nineteenth century. Designed using the linear plan devised by Dr. Thomas Kirkbride, their curious forms were made to adhere to the principles of moral treatment. Here, the mentally ill were taken out of prisons and dungeons and placed into handsome buildings with bright, airy wards designed to dispel any reminders of their previous confines. The towering hospitals built in Worcester and Danvers were prime examples of the final evolution of the Kirkbride plan, where the layout of the building was stretched into monolithic proportions to house the burgeoning population of those seeking treatment. The theories of environmental determinism, regimentation and compassion did little to cure those deemed “insane” however, and these structures became increasingly obsolete and difficult to modify as their patient populations swelled into the 1950s. Eventually, they were shuttered by the state, left to decay as hollow specters of their former aspirations. Tom Kirsch takes us into these darkened spaces where few have ventured with his photography, while providing the important context of why they were built and chronicling their fall from grace.
Details
ISBN: 9781634991674
Format: Paperback
Publisher: America Through Time
Date:
State: Massachusetts
Series: America Through Time
Images: 117
Pages: 96
Dimensions: 6.5 (w) x 9.25 (h)
Author
TOM KIRSCH is an accomplished photographer of abandoned places across the globe. His focus on psychiatric hospitals began in 2003; with copious amounts of research and travel, he found closed or partially shuttered institutions in every state. Each had their own trove of stories to tell, either in history books or cryptically left behind in their decaying wards. The prevalence of these closed facilities extended his work into England, Germany and Italy; however, the uniqueness and former grandeur of Kirkbride plan hospitals in the U.S. held a captivating interest for him. More of his work can be found on his website, www.opacity.us.
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