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From the era of the indigenous Passamaquoddy people to the booming growth that led to its development as a 20th-century commercial hub, the history of Calais is distinctly American. Briefly settled by Europeans in 1604 when a French group that included Samuel de Champlain spent an ill-fated winter fraught with casualties, Calais’s first permanent settlers arrived in 1779. As the lumber trade developed, the young city thrived in spite of its remote location. The first industrial railroad in the state was built in Calais in 1832 to fuel its development as the second-busiest port on the Eastern Seaboard, and soon, families like the Murchies and the Becketts were heavily involved in furthering local businesses. Lumber, shipbuilding, and granite quarrying each contributed to Calais’s rise—as well as its gradual 20th-century decline as the respective industries collapsed. From a height of nearly 8,000 residents in 1900, Calais’s population steadily dwindled to less than 3,000 today.
ISBN: 9781467105231
Format: Paperback
Publisher: Arcadia Publishing
State: Maine
Series: Images of America
Images: 176
Pages: 128
Dimensions: 6.5 (w) x 9.25 (h)
Author Lura Jackson, MA, has been promoting the work of the St. Croix Historical Society, of which she is an officer, for several years. The former editor of the Calais Advertiser, Jackson has a strong passion for highlighting and preserving Calais history in the interest of better informing the future. Al Churchill, retired public defender and president of the St. Croix Historical Society, provides the foreword.
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